Have any questions? Live chat

Writing Blog

Special Features of Academic Writing

January 16, 2018| Category: Writing Tips

There are four main types of academic writing in the scientific world. There are descriptive, persuasive, analytical and critical pieces of writing. Each type has its own peculiarities and specific functions. Quite a rare student works with only one format of writing. As usual, one average paper has the features of all types of academic writing.

4writers-Special Features of Academic Writing

Types of Academic Texts

Consider the synthesis of four types of academic writing on the example of an empirical thesis. In the text of this kind, you need to use the elements of a critical writing in the literature review to find out which questions are most relevant and important. It is also necessary to apply a descriptive writing in the methods section in order to familiarize the reader with the methods of collecting and evaluating information. The results section will also be rather descriptive, but an analytical background will appear here, when you will be reporting the facts you have collected. More analytics, as well as persuasion, can be shown in the discussion section, while informing readers about the results of your work.

Descriptive Writing

This is the simplest type of academic writing. Its purpose is to acquaint readers with some facts. For example, a report on the results of a scientific experiment is a vivid example of a descriptive text. In the process of creating such a text, the following steps are used: identifying, reporting, recording, defining and summarizing.

Analytical Writing

Very often, only a descriptive writing approach is not enough to create a high-level work. While creating a university work, students often use analytical writing. It is similar to descriptive, but it is much more complicated. Here you do not just describe some phenomena, but also group them, highlighting their main characteristics. For example, if you are writing about two theories, you can divide your research into several points. In the first group, you will talk about the relationship of these theories and social life. In the next part, you will show their impact on modern language, in another one, you will tell about some historical aspects, and so on. Analytical writing consists of comparing, analyzing, relating, examining and contrasting.

In order to learn how to write a good analytical text, you need to spend more time searching for new relevant ideas and grouping them according to certain characteristics. For convenience, use different schemes and tables. You also need to be able to come up with clear and concise names for these groups. Clarity is one of the foundations of academic writing. Use topic sentences to make your text more understandable for readers.

Persuasive Writing

Persuasive writing is quite a high level of academic writing. It has much in common with analytical writing, but, at the same time, it has one significant difference. This is the appearance of your own ideas. Most student essays, regardless of the subject and topic of the research, are persuasive, because almost every work needs conclusions.

Each your theory must be necessarily proved by references to different scientific sources, such as publications from scientific journals, books, textbooks, websites, etc. To create a persuasive paper and improve the ability to formulate your own thoughts, it is necessary to study many works of other scientists and highlight the basic information from them. Discuss the most relevant theories with your group mates or friends. After you have drawn conclusions and have found your own ideas, you need to come up with the ways to prove them in the text. Learn how to find several important aspects of your theory.

Critical Writing

Critical writing is very similar to persuasive writing, but its main distinguishing feature is not only the presentation of writer’s own idea, but also the comparison of several different ideas, including the author’s one. For example, you can explore some scientific approach created by another researcher and, at the same time, talk about your vision of this phenomenon, and offer your own solution to some scientific problem.

In order to write professional critical texts, you need to learn how to analyze and summarize the facts from different works. You also need to have your own opinion about certain problematic issues and be able to prove it properly using different sources.

Tags
"sandwich" approach A+ essay abstract abstract writing academic paper academic papers academic paper writing academic requirements academic sources academic writer academic writing academic writing tips active and passive voice in research writing active voice additive transitions adversative transitions a good book report a good summary Alternative hypothesis an introduction to academic writing annotated bibliography annotation APA style argument argumentative essay argument paragraph arguments article articles a thesis statement become a better writer become a writing guru bias bias-free writing blogs Bloom’s Taxonomy body sentences boost academic vocabulary brainstorming business capstone paper capstone project career career in writing causal transitions challenges a new freelance writer may face with characteristics of academic writing chronological order citation cite the source clarity in writing clients closing sentences college essays college writing common mistakes comparative essay compare and contrast paragraph Complex hypothesis concept map concluding paragraph concluding sentence conclusion conclusion in academic writing conclusion writing content content writing Covid-19 creating concluding sentences creating PowerPoint presentations credible sources customer feedback decode instructions decoding professors’ instructions definition of proofreading descriptive headings descriptive paragraph difference between a literature review and an annotated bibliography edit your writing effective conclusion effective headings effective paragraph elements of academic language elements of paper writing Empirical hypothesis essay paragraph essays essay structure essays writing essays writing tips essays writitng tips essay writing explain complex concepts expository essay features of academic writing flow of ideas free freelance freelance jobs freelancer freelance writer freelance writers freelance writing freelance writing business headings high-quality papers higher-level headings high grades high school-level composition high school assignments how reading helps you become a better writer how to avoid plagiarism how to write how to write a good film review how to write capstone paper how to write phd hypothesis hypothesis writing important improve writing skills in-text citations intellectual property interpret instructions introduction introduction paragraph introductory paragraph job journal judgmental language language and style literature review Logical hypothesis lower-level headings main point of the paragraph make the article engaging meeting deadlines meeting the requirements meet the deadlines methodology methodology chapter methodology section MLA style narrative paragraph non-descriptive heading note taking Null hypothesis objective tone objective writing objectivity online online writers opening paragraph opinion essay order of importance outline outline writing papers paraphrase paraphrasing passive voice past simple peer response peer review personal response personal response essay personal response paper PhD research proposal plagiarism plan for writing planning positive feedback PowerPoint presentation PowerPoint Presentation tips PPT PPTs present perfect present simple procrastination profession professional freelance writer proofreading tips qualitative methods quality quantitative methods quote quoting reduce word count redundancy redundant reliable sources repetition repetitive sentences repetitive writing reputable sources research research paper research paper in college research paper in high school research paper writing revising an essay rules of academic writing satisfy your customers sentence structure sequential transitions Simple hypothesis skills sources spatial order specificity spell checker spelling spelling error spelling rules start writing Statistical hypothesis stop procrastinating strong topic sentences structure of an expository essay subheadings success successful academic writing successful papers successful paraphrasing suitable concluding sentences supporting evidence synthesis paper synthesize information synthesize sources techniques for writing summaries techniques to explain a difficult subject tenses in academic writing text structure the contents of the paper the main intention of the assignment thesis statement thinking levels time management tips on revising an essay tips to writing a PhD research proposal tips to writing a social science paper token sentences topic of the paragraph topic sentence transitional words transitions transition terms types of academic texts typical writing problems unique idea vocabulary vocabulary building well-structured essay what writers can learn from reading novels word choice word count work wrap sentences write a conclusion writer writer job write unique texts writing writing a book report writing a film review writing a good PhD research proposal writing an A+ film review writing an essay writing an outline writing a paragraph writing as profession writing a statement writing a summary writing burnout writing clear writing essays writing fast writing hacks writing job writing papers writing process writing skills writing style writing tips