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To prevent plagiarism, you need to make a proper reference to any and all sources you gather your factual information from. Citations are required for all direct quotes and for specific information or paraphrases taken from outside sources. The only accepted references are in-text references. Please find a comprehensive Styles Guide that will help you to avoid plagiarism and properly cite sources according to modern referencing standards.


Most Common Citation Guides:

MLA Style is the Modern Language Association Style. In-text citation contains the last name of the author quoted and the page number where the quote can be found. In MLA Style, the list of references found at the end of the work is not called a bibliography, but "Works Cited Page."


APA Style is the style of the American Psychological Association. After a quote or paraphrase, the in-text citation comes before the period and after the closing set of quotation marks; the in-text citation contains the author's last name, the year published, and in some cases, depending on edition of the APA Style Guide, a page number. In APA Style annotated Bibliography list is called "References".


Turabian (Chicago) Style is one of the oldest citation styles used in the academic practice, and it is sometimes called Turabian (Kate L. Turabian wrote one of the most comprehensive style guides for this work).  Chicago/Turabian Style has two different formats. The traditional format contains footnotes for the citations, which appear on the bottom of the page. The citation itself is usually similar to a mini bibliographical entry for the most part. The second format for this model of citation are end notes, which like footnotes are numbered, only instead of being found at the bottom of a page, the end notes are found right before the Bibliography page.


Oxford Reference Style. This is a documentary-note citation style widely used in British academic practice. Oxford referencing, or the documentary-note citation system is used essentially in research works on certain history and philosophy departments.


Harvard Reference Style. This is an author-date referencing style, which is more popular in UK academic writing than Oxford Reference Style.


Vancouver Style is a professional biomedical style, originally known as Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals. This is a 'numbered' style that follows the rules, which were established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978.



  1. A paper, which has no sources cited, is not accepted. If you referred to ideas of researchers, they must be cited.
  2. A paper, which lists a few sources at the end but has no numerical or parenthetic citations in the body of the paper, is not accepted.
  3. Referencing the Internet: Whatever citation system you use, you should always provide more than a web address for Internet referencing and you should NEVER put a web address in a parenthetic in-text citation, but in the bibliography (reference list, work cited page) ONLY. When you provide information such as the author and title it enables the reader to search for the web page, even if the web address is changed.
  4. Wikipedia, Sparknotes, and similar resources can NEVER be used as a reference, unless the client agrees, or requests.
  5. Important: Avoid using too many Internet resources. If not specified by the customer otherwise, use less than 40% of online references, and place priority on professional sites.

More on Citing from the Web:

Once you use an online resource, you should apply general citation rules as to a printed source: when a writer must refer to ideas or quote from a WWW site, he or she must cite that source. Whenever you come to a direct quotation/paraphrasing/summarizing from a WWW Site, any source of visual or graphic information must be cited. Every time you take an order, check the sources required by the customer in the order description.


WHAT TO DO IF... /Smart Hints for You/

1. The customer asks not to use Internet sources (books only): In case the customer requires printed books/articles only as a reference, and you do not have them in the print version, find them on-line and cite them as a printed edition (you have to find a copy of a printed version with all publication details), or communicate your request for sources needed via the messaging system to the customer. You may ask the customer to scan the sources required and mail them to Support team and support will forward them to you shortly.

2. If the customer indicates in the order profile Other style, please follow the APA style, which is the most common one.

3. You see the order you like but cannot find the source that the customer requires using, please contact the Support via mail and request to contact the customer for the source specified. Indicate that you are ready to take the order right after the book/article is provided by the customer. More often than not customers upload sources specified into the system and writers can take their orders.