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Proofreading is the final stage of editing process that implies correction of minor mistakes (so-called "surface" mistakes). It requires:

  • Spelling correction;
  • Punctuation;
  • Citation style and formatting;
  • Obvious grammar inconsistencies (inappropriate transitions, misplaced articles, etc.)


Editing orders will require:

  • Spelling, grammar, punctuation mistakes correction;

  • Sentence structure correction;

  • Formatting.

Edit for the accuracy and consistency of the following:

  • Citation style and formatting

  • Footnotes/endnotes

  • Capitalization, punctuation, spelling, and grammar

  • Abbreviations/acronyms

  • Italics, foreign words, special terms

  • Numbering/parallel wording/punctuation of lists

  • Figure and table legends

  • Anything numbered in sequence: lists, tables, figures, equations, outlines, etc.

  • Run-on sentences

  • Wordiness

  • Sexist language

  • Passive voice

  • Misused words

  • Cross-references

  • Sentence structure (syntax, variety, parallelism, clarity)

  • Transitions

  • Organization (logic, unity)

  • Style (appropriateness of tone and voice; level of language for audience)

  • Headings (to reflect text that follows)

  • Compare descriptions of tables/figures in text to actual information in the tables/figures

  • Cover, title page, and copyright page

  • Table of contents

  • Corrections from previous versions

  • Text flow (spot-check end of one page and beginning of next)

  • Electronic glitches (word breaks for no reason, poor spacing)

  • Art for appropriate reference and labeling

  • Page numbers, running heads, and footers

Both types of services do not include:

  • Any writing;

  • Any research.